ready to cut and use
Garlic scape standing straight up
Garlic curing in the drying shed
Cured Yugoslavian garlic
Garlic prefers a light sandy, loam soil with plenty of organic matter. Plant your seed garlic, individual cloves with pointed tips up, in late September or into October. Bigger cloves tend to produce bigger garlic bulbs. Plant cloves 6 inches apart, 2-3 inches deep or plant so the tips of the cloves are covered and then mulch with straw or leaves.
During the spring and early summer keep the soil moist, but not soggy. Stop watering 2-3 weeks before harvesting. The leaves will be starting to yellow. Hardneck varieties form a scape or seed head. this can be removed when still curled, removing the scape encourages more growth in the bulb. Scapes can be used in salads and stir fries. They can also be frozen for later use. A few scapes can be left, these act as an indicator , when the scape is standing straight up, the garlic is ready to harvest within a week or so.
Pull up your garlic and hang in a dry, shaded, airy place for a couple of weeks to cure. Cut off the tops and trim the roots. Gently remove any loose skin and soil and store in a cool dry place. A mesh bag allows plenty of air circulation.