Mature Red Russian Scape
Red Russian Bulbils
What can you do With Bulbils?
Eat them or plant them!
Bulbils or garlic pearls as they are sometimes called, can be added to stir fries, sprinkled on salads for a crunchy garlic punch, added to soups and stews, gently heated in olive oil and used as a topping for cooked vegetables or tossed with pasta.
Plant bulbils at the same time as you plant garlic (late September-October in our area). Bulbils are planted ¼ to ½ inch deep about 1-2 inches apart. It is easy for the bulbils to be choked out with weeds if they are planted in the garden and if the tops die back before you get to harvest them they can be hard to find. It is best to plant them in containers and bury the containers in the ground, so the top is just above soil level. You may want to mulch with a thin layer of straw or leaves.
Care for your bulbils as you would any garlic, weeding and watering as necessary. Harvest the plants the following summer when the tops are dying back, about the same time as you harvest your other garlic. Cure the little bulbs. In the first year the Russian and Yugoslavian bulbs produce mostly rounds, small, undivided heads, like tiny onions. You may also get some bulbs with tiny cloves.
Plant your best cloves and rounds. Rounds and cloves are planted one inch deep, 3-6 inches apart. Depending on the variety of garlic and size of cloves or rounds. Repeat the process. By the second or third harvest, you should be getting fairly good-sized bulbs. Russian bulbils produce full sized bulbs in 3 years. Yugoslavian takes four years to produce full size bulbs.
For more information check out Paul Pospisil's article: